how do religious groups in israel influence policy decisions?
Religious groups in Israel influence policy decisions through various means, including political representation, lobbying, and public advocacy.
Jewish religious groups, particularly the Orthodox Zionists and the Ultra-Orthodox, have significant influence in Israeli politics. They are represented in the political arena through religious parties, which have exerted influence by being essential partners in government coalitions
. For instance, Ultra-Orthodox parties have been able to push for greater autonomy and secure benefits for their communities, such as exemption from military service and special budgets for public transportation in Haredi areas
.The Arab religious minorities in Israel, including Muslims, Christians, and Druze, also have political representation. There are several Arab parties in Israel that primarily represent Arab-Israeli and Palestinian interests
.However, the influence of religious groups on policy decisions can also lead to tensions and disagreements. For example, Jewish groups often disagree on specific public policy issues, with more religiously observant Jews advocating for different policies than less observant Jews
.In conclusion, religious groups in Israel influence policy decisions through political representation, lobbying, and public advocacy. However, this influence can also lead to tensions and disagreements, reflecting the complex relationship between religion and politics in Israel.
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